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Statistics

Courtesy of the US Army Signal Corps and the National Archives and Records Administration.

About 33,000 Japanese Americans served in the US Armed Forces during World War II, and approximately 800 of these individuals were killed or missing in action.

This Hall of Honor lists just some of the formal individual and unit awards and citations conferred upon the Nisei soldiers of World War II by the United States.*

The awards are arranged according to their order of precedence in the US Army.+ The Congressional Gold Medal, a civilian award, is listed separately.

The 100th Infantry Battalion/442nd Regimental Combat Team
Number of men who served:~18,000
Combat casualty rate:314%

Individual Awards#
Medal of Honor21
Distinguished Service Cross29
Silver Star Medal560
Silver Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster (in lieu of second Silver Star)28
Legion of Merit Medal22
Soldier's Medal15
Bronze Star Medal4,000
Bronze Star Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster (in lieu of second Bronze Star)1,200
Purple Heart9,486
Army Commendation Medal36
Division Commendation87

Unit Awards#
Presidential Unit Citation7
Meritorious Service Unit Commendation2

Congressional Gold Medal awarded to the members of the 100th (Separate) and 442nd on November 2, 2011.

Note: These are the combined counts of awards, honors, and statistics for the 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate) and the 442nd RCT (including the 100th Battalion).

Military Intelligence Service
Number of men who served:~6,000

Individual Awards#
Distinguished Service Cross1
Distinguished Service Medal3
Silver Star Medal37
Legion of Merit Medal32
Navy Cross1
Soldier's Medal14
Bronze Star Medal388
Purple Heart50
Air Medal8
Combat Infantryman's Badge121
Letter of Commendation204
Military Intelligence Corps Hall of Fame Inductee11
US Army Ranger Hall of Fame Inductee3

Unit Awards#
Presidential Unit Citation1
Presidential Unit Citation (awarded to individuals working in cited units)57

Congressional Gold Medal awarded to the members of the MIS on November 2, 2011.

Note: Many of the statistics for the Military Intelligence Service are understated, since MIS personnel were attached to different units throughout the entire Pacific Theater, as linguists in small teams. The MIS had no central organization to collect comprehensive awards information across all of these units, and the total numbers are augmented as new cases come to light.

For a detailed description of each award, please click here.

* The awards listed do not include those given by foreign governments.
+Actual numbers of individual awards, honors, and personnel counts are disputed. Statistics vary depending on the source, and many of these statistics are still being updated.

Footnotes

1This list reflects the most accurate statistics that we could find, based on substantial research and comparison between existing sources. The following sources were consulted in the compilation of this list: US Department of Defense; US Army; Congressional Records, US Government; Orville C. Shirey, Americans, The Story of the 442nd Combat Team (1946); Dr. James McNaughton; Densho Encyclopedia; National Veterans Network; Santa Cruz Public Libraries; Lyn Crost, Honor by Fire (1997); Chester Tanaka, Go for Broke: A Pictorial History of the Japanese-American 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442d Regimental Combat Team (1997); Historian Eric Saul; Historian Jim Yamashita; Seiki Oshiro, Japanese American Veterans' Association; Go For Broke National Education Center website, www.goforbroke.org


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