The MIS participated in the following CBI campaigns during World War II: India-Burma (April 2, 1942 – January 28, 1945), China Defensive (July 4, 1942 – May 4, 1945), Central Burma (January 29 – July 15, 1945), and China Offensive (May 5 – September 2, 1945). The length of their involvement would range from a few weeks to several months. The number of soldiers would also vary from a single individual to a team of ten or more.1
- 1The dates reflected are the official campaign dates according to the US Army Center of Military History. It is difficult to determine the actual dates of the MIS involvement in these campaigns. 2Charles F. Romanus and Riley Sunderland, Stilwell’s Mission to China (Washington, DC: US Army Center of Military History, 1987), pp. 3-7, accessed January 18, 2015
- 3Clayton R. Newell, “Burma, 1942: The US Army Campaigns of World War II,” US Army Center of Military History, last updated October 3, 2003, accessed January 18, 2015
- 4“Special Operations in the China-Burma-India Theater,” US Army Center of Military History, accessed January 15, 2015
- 5Ted Tsukiyama, “The Nisei Intelligence War Against Japan,” javadc.org, November 19, 2004, accessed on January 15, 2015
- 6James C. McNaughton, Nisei Linguists: Japanese Americans in the Military Intelligence Service during World War II (Washington, DC: US Army Center of Military History, 2006), p. 127.
ORAL HISTORY CLIPS
Starts on Tape Two, between 52 and 54 minute marks
EDWIN HIGASHINO: And then when we were out in Burma, the headquarters is here, our intelligence group was always away, maybe mile or mile and a half away from headquarters. And from what we understand, if we get in trouble, we fly out first, because not enough interpreter translators, eh? So we were always away from main headquarters. And send our things… everyday we used to send to our headquarters. Well, we normally… when we finish our translation or interrogation, we used to sign our name, send it to headquarters, so they know it’s from us. Until one operation, we found out, while the dumb jeep was going to headquarters, got captured by the Japanese. After that, we never sign our name, we just send it. But everyday we used to send, see.
NOTE: Can you please place this one somewhere near the paragraph that begins “The Military Intelligence Service (MIS) was indispensable and extensively used in the CBI Theater. Beginning in November 1942…”
Starts on Tape Four, between 16 and 18 minute marks
MASAJI INOSHITA: And then we got on the ship again and we sailed to Ceylon, which… that’s what it used to be called, Ceylon. And then Trincomalee Harbor, we spent almost a week translating documents for the Viceroy of India. But it was old stuff, it wasn’t very valuable. And then we proceeded to Calcutta. In Calcutta, there was a big Army base there. But already the soldiers ahead of us had departed for the front line; they were up there to build the Ledo Road, and they were busy. And in this great big camp that must’ve held 15, 20,000 people, there was 20 of us in control of the camp, that’s all that was left out of 20. And pretty soon the British army calls us, we became part of the Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Command. We’re moved to Delhi, India, into the heart of the city, three blocks from the finest place—of eating places in the world right there in the part of New Delhi. And each one of us is given a manservant. A manservant who wakes you up, brings you your hot tea or coffee as soon as you open your eyes.